“Nalan” means lotus (symbol of wisdom), “Da” means “to give”. So the word “Nalanda” means wisdom giver. For wisdom, people from the whole world came to Nalanda University and it became the first residential university of the world. At its prime time the university consisted of 10,000 students and 2,000 teachers from across the world.
|Temple 3, Nalanda University|
History of Nalanda:
Let’s have a journey with the History.
Ancient Buddhist source says that Ashoka, the great Mouryan emperor built a temple at 3rd century BC. But according to Chinese traveller Hieu En Tsang and Prajnavarman, Nalanda University was founded on 5th Centrury AD during the Gupta emperor Kumargupta. Surprisingly Fa Hien who came in fifth century AD makes no mention of the massive establishment at Nalanda. But Hieu En Tsang (visited India on 637 AD) during Harshavardhana’s regime refers to the great university.